財政ワークショップ 2021
Public Finance Workshop

 

Zoomを利用したオンライン開催について (Online Seminars Using Zoom) 

当面の間、本ワークショップはZoom を利用してオンラインで開催されます。 以下の注意事項を必ずご確認の上ご準備をお願いいたします。

Public Finance Workshop is held online using Zoom for the time being. Please read the following instruction for participation.

※ 登録 (Registration) 事前登録が必須となります。 下記よりご登録頂きますとミーティングURLがemailで送付されます。 事前にご利用の端末にZoomアプリケーションのインストールをお済ませください。(Zoomアカウントをお持ちの方は、emailにあるID、パスワードでサインインして頂くことも可能です。) ご登録URLが変更しております。これまでご登録頂いている方も新規登録が必要となりますので下記ご案内のURLにて改めてご登録ください。

Registration is required to join a seminar. Please register in advance at the following website so that detailed information containing meeting URL will be provided via email. Please make sure to install ZOOM Cloud Meetings (application)on your computer or cell phone in advance. (If you have a Zoom account, sign-up using ID and password included in the email is also available.)

事前登録はこちらから⇒https://zoom.us/meeting/register/tJwocOGprDssG9bjyyexR-neAooitscBfZMv

参加までの手順は下記より事前にご確認ください。 For more details, please see the following website.

日本語 ・ English

※ 注意 (Note)

1) 参加者名には、ご自分の氏名をお使い下さい。 Please register your full name when you participate.

2) 登録は初回のみ。すでにご登録されている方は、登録時にご案内済みのミーティングURLまたはミーティングID、パスワードでご入室頂けます。ただし、共催セミナーの場合、URLが変わる場合がありますのでお気をつけください。

Those who already registered previously need not register again. You can join the following meetings with the same meeting URL or the meeting ID as the one you received. Please note that the meeting URL will be changed when the seminar is hosted by another workshop.

 

※ セミナー中 (During Seminars)

ご自身の音声は、質疑応答時を除き、OFFにしてください。 Please mute your microphone during a speaker's talk except for Q&A session.

音声OFFの手順 (Muting Participants in Zoom)

日本語 ・ English


日時
2021年12月10日(金)16:50-18:35
場所
Zoomを使ったオンラインでの開催(事前登録制)となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上部の説明をご確認ください。
報告
渡邉高広(関西学院大学)
TBA
要旨

日時
2022年1月14日(金)16:50-18:35  
場所
Zoomを使ったオンラインでの開催(事前登録制)となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上部の説明をご確認ください。
報告
山岸敦(プリンストン大学)
"More Public Goods, Larger Government, and More Redistribution”
要旨

■ 以下、本年度終了分 ■

日時
2021年4月2日(金)16:50-18:35
場所
Zoomを使ったオンラインでの開催(事前登録制)となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上部の説明をご確認ください。
報告
岸下大樹(東京理科大学)
"Overconfidence, Income-Ability Gap, and Preferences for Income Equality"[paper]
要旨
The overconfident, who do not actually earn what they think they can, may attribute such cognitive gap to the unfairness of the economy and become favorable of public redistribution when they realize their cognitive bias. We conducted an online survey experiment in the US, where the treatment emphasizing each respondent's self-perception on the income-ability gap is randomly assigned. We found that the treatment lowers overconfident respondents' perception on the fairness of the economy among both left-wing and right-wing people. However, it did not increase the support for reducing income inequality. Instead, this increased support for government intervention to correct the unequal society among the leftists with high trust in the US government.  
日時
2021年5月7日(金)16:50-18:35

場所
Zoomを使ったオンラインでの開催(事前登録制)となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上部の説明をご確認ください。
報告
高久玲音(一橋大学)
Financial Meltdown in Swing Hospitals During COVID-19
要旨
In Tokyo, most hospital care is provided by private organizations. Using unique and timely panel data from these hospitals, we explore the financial consequences (for them) of admitting COVID-19 patients. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government requested beds for COVID-19 patients from these private hospitals. However, each hospital was allowed to choose whether to admit COVID-19 patients. To consider this endogenous decision of hospitals, we employed instrumental variable (IV) analysis, with IVs related to the local government's request. We intentionally focused on estimating the effects among ``swing hospitals'' (compliers) because they are the ``only'' hospitals whose decisions can be changed by government intervention. Our results revealed that the monthly profits per bed decreased by approximately JPY 600,000 ( USD 6,000) among swing hospitals, which is 15 times the average monthly profits in 2019. This overwhelming financial damage indicates that it would be costly to request swing hospitals to treat COVID-19 patients. We therefore propose an alternative strategy to handle surges in patients with new infectious diseases.
日時
2021年6月4日(金)16:50-18:35

場所
Zoomを使ったオンラインでの開催(事前登録制)となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上部の説明をご確認ください。
報告
松本朋子(東京理科大学)
"Effects of information and presentation in the politics of government budget deficits" [paper]
要旨
What interventions increase the possibility of approval from voters for consolidation of government budget deficits? To examine the effects of information and presentation on the politics of government budget deficits, we conducted an online survey experiment in Japan, where government deficit finance is the most prevalent among democracies. Participants were required to create an ideal plan for a government budget by modifying a real budget plan. The experiment randomly assigned: (i) an information treatment that informed the respondents about national debt service costs, and (ii) a presentation treatment that induced them to simulate spending items before revenue items to direct their attention to public spending (gains) before tax payments (losses). Information about deficit costs decreased their willingness to improve the financial balance, but showing spending before revenue items increased it. These treatment effects on the financial balance are significant on the expenditure but not the revenue side.
日時
2021年8月3日(火)16:50-18:35  ※曜日にご注意下さい。
場所
Zoomを使ったオンラインでの開催(事前登録制)となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上部の説明をご確認ください。
報告
宮崎毅(九州大学)
"Do natural disasters affect local elections? An empirical examination using subnational electoral data" [paper]
要旨
We investigated the link between natural disasters and local elections using data for Japanese gubernatorial elections for the years 1985–2015. In the case of gubernatorial elections in Japan, a rich data set is available which includes information on who wins, the vote shares of all candidates, when the election was held, etc., relating to gubernatorial elections. We found some empirical evidence that an occurrence of disaster affects a constituency's support for an incumbent politician as pointed out by previous works. One potential policy implication from our findings is that politicians may worry too much about the election following a disaster and hence have incentives to reward their constituency not through disaster relief and recovery policies but through other ways such as economic policies and patronage public goods.

日時
2021年9月27日(月)16:50-18:35  ※曜日にご注意下さい。
場所
Zoomを使ったオンラインでの開催(事前登録制)となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上部の説明をご確認ください。
報告
寺井公子(慶応義塾大学)
Investment in Human Capital and Corporate Tax Incidence
要旨 I compose a model which describes decisions of a representative shareholder and workers with regard to expenditure on training and wage profile. The firm’s profit is vested in the shareholder. Increasing investment in workers’ human capital reduces investment in physical capital, offsetting the effect of improved productivity. The incidence of corporate income tax is also examined. Tax-sharing, which is induced by rent-sharing, varies with collective bargaining power of workers and undeductible opportunity cost incurred in financial investment and training. The outcome with the firm’s monopsony power, which the firm-specific human capital investment provides to the firm, corresponds with the outcome of rent-sharing model with workers’ extremely weak bargaining power, while the outcome of Bertrand competition among firms is at the opposite extreme. Moreover, implication for aging economies is derived. The recent global trend appears to be consistent with the prediction that if workers’ collective power is weakened in aging economies compared with the power of shareholders, the labor share of added value declines. Benefits to workers from tax cuts is also small.

日時
2021年10月8日(金)16:50-18:35 
場所
Zoomを使ったオンラインでの開催(事前登録制)となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上部の説明をご確認ください。
報告
湯之上英雄(名古屋市立大学)
TBA
要旨

 

 

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