The University of Tokyo

ミクロ実証ワークショップ 2024
Empirical Microeconomics Workshop 2024

  • ※ 特に表記のない限りセミナー発表は英語で行われます。(Unless otherwise mentioned, presentations are in ENGLISH.)

 

対面とZoomを利用したハイブリッド開催について (In-person and Online Seminars Using Zoom)

本ワークショップは対面とZoom を利用したオンラインでのハイブリッド開催の場合もあります。以下の注意事項を必ずご確認のうえご準備をお願いいたします。

Empirical Micro Research Seminar may be held in-person and online using Zoom. Please read the following instruction for participation.

  

※ Zoom事前登録 (Zoom Registration)

事前登録が必須となります。 下記よりご登録頂けますと、 ミーティングURLがemailで送付されます。 事前に、ご利用の端末にZoomアプリケーションのインストールをお済ませください。 (Zoomアカウントをお持ちの方は、emailにあるID, パスワードを使ってサインインして頂くことも可能です。)

Registration is required to join a seminar via Zoom. Please register in advance at the following website so that detailed information containing meeting URL will be provided via email. Please make sure to install ZOOM Cloud Meetings (application)on your computer or cell phone in advance. (If you have a Zoom account, sign-up using ID and password included in the email is also available.)

https://zoom.us/meeting/register/tJAsfuyrrTwtHNyMNMOg1L8fx_niJtHgIwR4

参加までの手順は下記より事前にご確認ください。 For more details, please see the following website.

日本語 ・ English

※ 注意 (Note)

1) 参加者名には、ご自分の氏名をお使い下さい。 Please register your full name when you participate.

2) 登録は初回のみ。すでにご登録されている方は、登録時にご案内済みのミーティングURLまたはミーティングID、パスワードでご入室頂けます。ただし、共催セミナーの場合、URLが変わる場合がありますのでお気をつけください。

Those who already registered previously need not register again. You can join the following meetings with the same meeting URL or the meeting ID as the one you received. Please note that the meeting URL will be changed when the seminar is hosted by another workshop.

 

※ セミナー中 (During Seminars)

ご自身の音声は、質疑応答時を除き、OFFにしてください。 Please mute your microphone during a speaker's talk except for Q&A session.

音声OFFの手順 (Muting Participants in Zoom)

日本語 ・ English

 

Organizer: Suk Joon Son

Companion Workshop

Applied Economics Workshop (AEW)

The AEW is a workshop organized by the University of Tokyo and several other research universities/institutes in Asia. The seminars are conducted online using Cisco WebEx, and pre-registration is mandatory. To participate, please register on the workshop's website using the following link:
https://sites.google.com/view/economicseminar/home

Applied Economics Workshopは、Cisco WebExを使ったオンラインでの開催(事前登録制)となります。参加をご希望の方は、下記ウェブサイトよりご登録下さい。
https://sites.google.com/view/economicseminar/home

日時
※ 修士論文報告会 Master's Thesis Presentations ※

[Master's Thesis Presentations]

場所

■ 対面会場: 東京大学大学院経済学研究科学術交流棟(小島ホール)1階第1セミナー室
Venue: Seminar Room 1 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall), Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo

Notice

* You MUST attend an official oral examination in addition to this master thesis presentation: for details, please see the schedule to be distributed by the Graduate Office when you submit your thesis.

報告

Monday, July 8

Monday, July 22

Seminar Room 1, 1st Floor, Kojima Hall

日時
July 22, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10
Seminar Presentation 10:30-12:00
場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

※場所が変更されました
Venue has been changed.

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール2階小島コンファレンスルーム
in Kojima Conference Room on the 2nd floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Yusuke Narita (成田 悠輔) (Yale University)
"Democracy and Growth in the 21st Century"
Abstract We find that democracy has persistent negative impacts on GDP growth and night-time light intensity growth in 2001-2022. This finding emerges from descriptive and five different instrumental variable strategies. Our analysis also suggests the following mechanism: Many electoral democracies in this century become more populist and protectionist, which come with lower investment growth, lower trade growth, and resulting lower total economic growth.
Co-Host
Organizer
Suk Joon Son
日時

[Irregular Seminar] 

September 13, 2024 (Friday) TBA
Seminar Presentation TBA

※曜日に注意
Please note that the day of the week is different from regular seminars.

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Seth Zimmerman (Yale University)
TBA
Abstract
Co-Host
Organizer
Suk Joon Son
日時

[Irregular Seminar] 

September 30, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10
Seminar Presentation 10:30-12:00
場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Victor Lavy (The Hebrew University & University of Warwick)
TBA
Abstract
Co-Host
Organizer
Shintaro Yamaguchi (Suk Joon Son)
日時
October 7, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10
Seminar Presentation 10:30-12:00
場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Nick Zubanov (University of Konstanz)
TBA
Abstract
Co-Host
Organizer
Daiji Kawaguchi, (Suk Joon Son)
日時
October 21, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10
Seminar Presentation 10:30-12:00
場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Naijia Guo (The University of Hong Kong)
TBA
Abstract
Co-Host
Organizer
Shintaro Yamaguchi (Suk Joon Son)

以下本年度終了分

日時

[Irregular Seminar]
March 7, 2024 (Thursday) 10:25-12:10

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■ 対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Mitsuru Igami (伊神 満) (Yale University, Yale Department of Economics)
"Welfare Gains from LCD Innovations, 2001–2011" with Shoki Kusaka, Jeff Qiu, Tuyetanh L. Tran
Abstract We assess the welfare impact of new technologies by using detailed data from theglobal industry of liquid crystal display (LCD) panels. We focus on measuring bothproductivity growth via process innovation and consumer benefits from new products.We find process innovation accounted for most of the welfare gains in the computersegment, whereas product innovation played a major role in the TV segment. Wefurther decompose process innovation into vintage capital and learning by doing, andproduct innovation into larger products and other new varieties. We then conduct aseries of benefit-cost analyses to quantify the social and private returns on technologicalinvestments. Results suggest social returns were large, but most firms’ private returnswere small or negative; competitive pressure forced them to invest nevertheless.
Co-Host The University of Tokyo Market Design Center (UTMD)
Microeconomics Workshop
Organizer
Kei Kawai, Suk Joon Son, Andrew Griffen
日時

[Irregular Seminar]
April 1, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス
東京大学大学院経済学研究科棟3階 第4教室
in Lecture Hall No.4 on the 3rd floor of the Economics Research Building


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Thomas Triebs (Loughborough University)
Language as a Strategic Choice—Drawing Global Research Talent by Switching to English [Paper; an older version is available on SSRN]
Abstract We show, using a difference-in-difference identification, that introducing English as the official language of instruction in a degree program increases the average journal impact factor (JIF) of new international faculty hires in Dutch and Belgian universities by 12-20%. These results are robust to a battery of controls including university and time fixed effects as well as university specific time trends. We argue that switching to English reduces labor mobility barriers, allowing universities in non-English speaking countries to recruit from the global talent pool.
Co-Host
Organizer
Suk Joon Son
日時

[Irregular Seminar]
April 3, 2024 (Wednesday) 16:00-17:30

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス
東京大学大学院経済学研究科棟3階 第4教室
in Lecture Hall No.4 on the 3rd floor of the Economics Research Building


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Joshua Graff Zivin (University of California San Diego)
"Disparties in Pollution Capitalization Rates: the Role of Direct and Systemic Discrimination" with Gregor Singer [Paper]
Abstract We examine how exogenous changes in exposure to air pollution over the past two decades have altered the disparities in home values between Black and White homeowners. We find that air quality capitalization rates are significantly lower for Black homeowners. In fact, they are so much lower that, despite secular reductions in the Black-White pollution exposure gap, disparities in housing values have increased during this period. An exploration of mechanisms suggests that roughly one-quarter of this difference is the result of direct discrimination while the remaining three-quarters can be attributed to systemic discrimination through differential access to complementary amenities.
Co-Host
Organizer
Daiji Kawaguchi, Suk Joon Son
日時

April 8, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Carlo Cambini (Politecnico di Torino, The Department of MANAGEMENT AND PRODUCTION ENGINEERING (DIGEP))
"Broadband and Innovation", by C. Cambini (Politecnico di Torino), P. Murro (LUISS, Rome), L. Sabatino (Politecnico di Torino), F. Schivardi (LUISS, Rome) e F. Sobbrio (Univ. Tor Vergata, Rome)
Abstract "How advanced digital technologies affect firm’s incentives to innovate? This paper investigates the causal impact of broadband Internet on innovation using data from Italy. Thanks to web-scraped data from the European Patent Office, we identify patents with Italian inventors and allocate them across Italian municipalities based on inventors’ address. Our identification strategy exploits the staggered roll-out of DSL-based broadband connections starting from 2005, as well as the diffusion of the most recent fiber-based ultra-broadband connections started in 2015. Our results point to an increase in innovation from broadband Internet, as measured by the number of new patents, both in the first and second wave of broadband deployment."
Co-Host
Organizer
Hiroshi Ohashi, (Suk Joon Son)
日時

April 15, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Asad Islam (Monash University)
"Forced Displacement, Mental Health, and Child Development: Evidence from the Rohingya Refugees" Asad Islam, Tanvir Ahmed Mozumder, Tabassum Rahman, Tanvir Shatil, Abu Siddique [Paper]
Abstract Forced displacement is a major driver of mental disorders among refugees worldwide. Poor mental health of adult refugees, particularly mothers, is also considered a risk factor for the psychological well-being and development of their children. In this study, we experimentally examine the extent to which a multifaceted psychosocial program improves the mental health of refugee mothers, and facilitates growth and development among children under the age of two. In partnership with BRAC, we ran a cluster randomized controlled trial on 3,500 Rohingya mother-child dyads in refugee camps in Bangladesh. Participants were given weekly psychosocial support for 44 weeks through peer volunteers, which includes psychoeducation and parenting support for mothers and play activities for both mothers and children. The intervention was largely successful and led to: (i) reductions in the psychological trauma and depression severity of mothers and children, (ii) improvements in communication, gross-motor, and problem-solving skills of children, and (iii) reductions in stunting and severe stunting. The intervention cost about $1 per dyad per week and is currently being scaled up in refugee camps in Bangladesh, where about seventeen thousand mother-child pairs now benefit from it.
Co-Host
Organizer
Yasuyuki Sawada, (Suk Joon Son)
日時

April 18, 2024 (Thursday) 10:25-12:10 ※開催場所にご注意ください

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール2階第3セミナー室
in Seminar Room 3 on the 2nd floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Gabriella Conti (University College London)
"The Menopause “PENALTY”" Gabriella Conti, Rita Ginja, Petra Persson, Barton Willage [Paper]
Abstract Menopause is a major biological shock to women, marking the end of their reproductive years. Despite its relevance, scant research has studied how menopause impacts social dynamics, labor market outcomes, or health care demand. Using high-quality linked national register administrative data from Norway and Sweden, combined with a stacked difference in-differences design, we estimate the effect of menopause diagnosis on employment and earnings, reliance on social safety net programs, and demand for medical care. We find that menopause affects a broad swath of women's lives, ranging from a temporary increase in visits to doctors, to a persistent decline in full-time employment and earnings, and an increased receipt of social transfers. The earnings losses amount to 20% relative to the pre-menopause levels. Our results suggest that policies aimed at supporting women who suffer more serious symptoms around the menopausal transition may have wide-ranging benefits.
Co-Host
Organizer
Hitoshi Shigeoka, (Suk Joon Son)
日時

April 22, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Kwok Hao Lee (National University of Singapore)
"Public Housing at Scale" an old version of the paper: [Paper]
Abstract We consider the design of a large-scale public housing program where consumers face dynamic tradeoffs over apartments rationed via lotteries and prices. We show, theoretically and empirically, that changing rules complements increasing supply. First, we present a motivating example in which supplying more housing leads households to strategically delay their applications. By waiting for “better” developments arriving tomorrow, households forgo mediocre developments available today, resulting in more vacancies. Turning to the data from the mechanism, we formulate a dynamic choice model over housing lotteries and estimate it. Under the existing mechanism, we find that increasing supply fails to lower wait times. However, when a strategyproof mechanism is implemented, vacancies and wait times fall, but prices on the secondary market rise. Under this new mechanism, building more apartments lowers wait times and reduces the upward pricing pressure on the secondary market.
Co-Host Micro Theory Workshop and UTMD
Organizer
Suk Joon Son
日時

May 13, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Guy Michaels (London School of Economics and Political Science)
"Evaluating Urban Planning: Evidence from Dar es Salaam" (joint with Vernon Henderson, Francisco Líbano-Monteiro, Martina Manara, and Tanner Regan) [Paper]
Abstract Urban informality, which is prevalent in Africa's rapidly growing cities, can reduce private investments, lower tax bases, and exacerbate urban disamenities. A key policy tool to address this problem is greenfield urban planning where governments purchase cheap agricultural land on the urban fringe and partition it into planned, surveyed, and titled de novo plots, which people can purchase and build houses on. Yet, there is very little systematic evidence on the effects of de novo planning choices, such as the size and configuration of residential and non-residential plots. We study the consequences of such planning decisions in Tanzania's "20,000 plot" project, which provided over 36,000 residential plots in 12 project areas on the fringes of Dar es Salaam in the early 2000s. We study this project using detailed maps, questionnaires, and satellite imagery, and we combine within-neighborhood analysis and spatial regression discontinuity designs. We find that overall, the project secured property rights and access, thus boosting land values, and attracting highly educated owners; small plots, which command higher land values and are built more intensively, are under-provided; access to main paved roads is prized; and development rates are higher where plot layout is more gridded and small plots are bunched together. But planned non-residential amenities are ignored due to low implementation rates and about half the plots are still unbuilt, suggesting that despite the project’s success, significant improvements are possible.
Co-Host
Organizer
Stacey Chen, (Suk Joon Son)
日時

May 20, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Sitian Liu (Queen's University)
"The effect of working from home on the agglomeration economies of cities: Evidence from advertised wages" (joint with Yichen Su) [Paper]
Abstract Using job posting wage data, we find a substantial decrease in the urban wage premium for occupations with high working-from-home (WFH) adoption following the COVID-19 pandemic. This decline is accompanied by an employment shift away from large employment centers. Through the lens of a stylized model, our empirical findings suggest that WFH adoption weakens the agglomeration economies of cities. A decomposition exercise reveals that the urban wage premium drop is partly driven by reduced wage returns for interpersonal skills in large cities, suggesting that the weakening of the agglomeration effect stems partially from reduced interactive activities.
Co-Host
Organizer
Suk Joon Son
日時

May 27, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Nano Barahona (University of California Berkeley)
"The Effects of Online Education on Market Structure and Students' Outcomes"
Abstract We study the impact of a rapid expansion of the online for-profit tertiary education sector in Brazil over the past 15 years on market structure and students' outcomes. We leverage variation across regions with differential exposure to potential entrants induced by a regulatory reform that decreased the cost of opening online degrees in specific fields of study. We find that online degrees' entry to local markets expands access to tertiary education but also diverts students from alternative in-person degrees. Increased competition decreases in-person degrees' market power and deters future entry. We develop and estimate an entry and exit model where institutions choose what degrees to offer and what tuition fees to charge. We use the model to quantify the effects of the rapid expansion in online education supply on students' educational choices and outcomes. We find that in the absence of online education, students' educational value-added would have been 5\% larger. We find that policies targeting only older cohorts to attend online can keep young students at in-person degrees, reducing schools' exit and increasing the potential gains in value-added.
Co-Host
Organizer
Suk Joon Son
日時
[Irregular Seminar]

May 29, 2024 (Wednesday) 10:25-12:10 ※日時に注意

場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Stephane Mechoulan (Dalhousie University)
"Testing for Discrimination in Large Law Firms: an Outcome Test Approach"
Abstract We investigate whether discrimination could account for the well-documented under-representation of minority groups among equity partners in large law firms. Using the After the JD data set ---a unique longitudinal survey of more than 4,000 lawyers--- we test for disparities in promotion rates along the dimensions of gender as well as age, parenthood, and law school rank using an observational variant of the outcome test. We find that marginal female partners are slightly less productive than their male peers in terms of billable hours, and that lawyers who graduate from top law schools are slightly less productive than their non-top law school peers in terms of new matters brought to the firm. Other comparisons do not reveal significant differences. We document that promotion does not affect perceptions of discrimination. Further, relative to lawyers working in other environments, there appears more of a perception of discrimination in private law firms.
Organizer
Hiroshi Ohashi, Suk Joon Son
日時
June 3, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10
Seminar Presentation 10:30-12:00
場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Krislert Samphantharak (University of California San Diego)
"The Double-Edged Sword: Unintended Consequences of SME Promotion Policy" Athiphat Muthitacharoen, Archawa Paweenawat, Krislert Samphantharak [Paper]
Abstract This paper investigates the unintended consequences of size-dependent regulations in small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) promotion policies. We use data from all registered Thai firms to analyze the effects of an introduction of a revenue cap for the SME tax incentive program qualification. Our study shows a marked bunching of firms just below the cap, illustrating its tax salience. We provide suggestive evidence that a significant of the observed bunching could be due to real operation responses. A difference-in-differences analysis indicates that eligible firms just under the threshold exhibit a significant decline in revenue growth compared to those just above it. This adverse effect is more pronounced among firms with lower pre-policy profitability. We further document substantial negative effects on investment and profitability. In addition, our findings indicate a marked reduction in the presence of large firms, suggesting the broader implications on the firm size distribution in the economy. We highlight the paradox within size-based SME policies: while intended to help smaller businesses, the measures might inadvertently suppress growth and create resource isallocation. This study underscores the need for a careful policy design that supports SMEs without impeding their potential for growth.
Co-Host Kokusai Sendo
Organizer
Yasuyuki Sawada
日時
June 10, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10
Seminar Presentation 10:30-12:00
場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Ricardo Perez-Truglia (University of California Berkeley, the Haas School of Business)
"What's My Employee Worth? The Effects of Salary Benchmarking" [Paper]
Abstract Firms are allowed to use aggregate data on market salaries to set pay, a practice known as salary benchmarking. Using national payroll data, we study firms that gain access to a tool that reveals market benchmarks for each job title. Using a difference-in-differences design, we find that the benchmark information reduces salary dispersion by 25%. Thus, salary dispersion must stem partly from aggregate uncertainty about the salaries offered by other firms. Our model formalizes how salary dispersion can arise even in competitive labor markets for identical workers when such uncertainty exists, and we discuss implications for an ongoing policy debate.
Co-Host
Organizer
Hitoshi Shigeoka, (Suk Joon Son)
日時
June 17, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10
Seminar Presentation 10:30-12:00
場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Paul Glewwe (University of Minnesota)
"E-Reaching the Out of Reach: Evidence on Educating Out of School Children Using Digital Content and Remote Tutoring"
Abstract Despite efforts to increase educational attainment worldwide over the last several decades, approximately 250 million children age 6 to 18 are out of school. Engaging with and raising the human capital of these out-of-school children), with the hopes that they may eventually return to formal schooling, is important both for economic growth and reducing social and economic inequality. In this study, we estimate the impacts of providing children who have dropped out of school with tablets that have built-in educational software and a phone connection to a private tutor. We conducted a randomized control trial with 890 OOSC across Bangladesh. We find that the provision of tablets and tutors increases math scores by approximately 0.25 standard deviations (of the distribution of test scores) and language scores by approximately 0.17 standard deviations. Effects on academic achievement are especially strong for girls, compared to boys, as well as rural, compared to urban, OOSC. By contrast, the program had no effect on noncognitive traits such as competence, self-esteem, and grit. Taken together, these findings provide one intervention that can improve the educational outcomes of OOSC in developing countries, as well as more broadly the educational outcomes of children whose attendance might be affected by temporary school closures due to pandemics or other emergencies.
Co-Host Kokusai Sendo
Organizer
Yasuyuki Sawada
日時
June 24, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10
Seminar Presentation 10:30-12:00
場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
David Chan (Stanford University)
"The Productivity of Professions: Evidence from the Emergency Department"
Abstract This paper studies the productivity of nurse practitioners (NPs) and physicians, two professions performing overlapping tasks but with starkly different background, training, and pay. Using quasi-experimental variation in patient assignment to NPs versus physicians in Veterans Health Administration emergency departments, we find that, on average, NPs use more resources and achieve less favorable patient outcomes than physicians. However, the NP-physician performance difference varies by case complexity and severity. Importantly, even larger productivity variation exists within each profession, leading to substantial overlap between the productivity distributions of the two professions and a large share of NPs performing even better than the average physician.
Co-Host
Organizer
Hitoshi Shigeoka, (Suk Joon Son)
日時
July 1, 2024 (Monday) 10:25-12:10
Seminar Presentation 10:30-12:00
場所 本ワークショップは、対面とZoomを利用してのオンラインでの、ハイブリッド開催となります。詳細は本ウェブサイト上の説明をご確認ください。

■対面会場: 東京大学本郷キャンパス 小島ホール1階第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room1 on the 1st floor of the Kojima Hall


This seminar is held in-person and online (registration is required for online participation). Please read the instruction above for details.

報告
Fabrizio Mazzonna (Università della Svizzera italiana (USI)
"Health and Labor Market Consequences of Low-Value Care: The Role of Practice Style" Mattia Albertini, Pieter Baxk, Fabrizio Mazzonna
Abstract We investigate the labor market and health consequences of benzodiazepine treatment following the loss of a close relative, analyzing the impact of different prescribing styles among general practitioners (GPs). By integrating Dutch GP records with administrative data on labor market and health insurance expenditures, we identified approximately 76,000 working-age individuals who lost a close relative between 2010 and 2016. Employing a dynamic difference-in-differences model, we find that individuals exposed to GPs with a higher propensity to prescribe benzodiazepines not only have a higher likelihood of receiving such treatments but are also less likely to consult mental health specialists post-loss. These treatment patterns correspond with more frequent out-of-guideline prescriptions. Our findings further show detrimental effects on the labor market, including increased likelihood of unemployment benefits in the short term and reduced work income over the medium to long term.
Co-Host
Organizer
Hitoshi Shigeoka, (Suk Joon Son)