Tokyo Workshop on International Development 2017

 

 

※ 4月25日現在

※ 特に表記のない限りセミナー発表は英語で行われます(Unless otherwise mentioned, presentations are in ENGLISH)。

※ Workshop background

<今後の予定>

日時

June 19, 2017 (Monday) 10:30-12:00

※主催:ミクロ実証分析ワークショップ

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)1階 第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room 1 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

報告

Jamie McCasland (University of British Columbia)

TBA

Abstract

 

 

日時

July 24, 2017 (Monday) 10:30-12:00

※主催:ミクロ実証分析ワークショップ

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)1階 第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room 1 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

報告

Ryoko Sato (World Bank) ・Tomomi Tanaka (World Bank)

TBA

Abstract

 

 


<終了分>

日時

April 10, 2017 (Monday) 1) 16:30-17:30, 2) 17:40-18:40

※共催:ミクロ経済学ワークショップ

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)1階 第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room 1 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

報告

1) 16:30-17:30 Yasuyuki Sawada (Asian Development Bank)
Impact Assessment of Infrastructure Projects on Poverty Reduction

References)
1) https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/154248/adbi-wp511.pdf

2) Yasuyuki Sawada, Ryuji Kasahara, Keitaro Aoyagi, Masahiro Shoji and Mika Ueyama (2013) "Modes of Collective Action in Village Economies: Evidence from Natural and Artefactual Field Experiments in a Developing Country," Asian Development Review 30(1), 31-51, MIT Press for Asian Development Bank. [paper]

 

2) 17:40-18:40 Nobuhiko Fuwa (The University of Tokyo)
Disasters and Commitments: Evidence from Japan and the Philippines


Abstract)
A number of recent studies have investigated the impact of disaster experience on individual preference parameters such as risk aversion and time discount rate. Yet, there are two remaining issues in the literature: First, the parameter under investigations is different depending on the study, generating largely mixed empirical results; and second, there is no theoretical underpinning to interpret these empirical findings. We aim to bridge these gaps and to solve the "measurement without theory" problem in the existing literature on individual preferences and disasters by investigating the impact of natural disasters on present bias, time discount, and intertemporal elasticity of substitution parameters, which are elicited in an integrated manner by a new experimental technique called the Convex Time Budget (CTB) experiments developed by Andreoni and Sprenger (2012) and Andreoni, Kuhn, and Sprenger (2013). Based on this approach, we employ unique experimental data collected from village in the Philippines, which was hit by a strong monsoon flood, Habagat, in 2012 and from the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami affected Iwanuma City in Japan to investigate the overall impacts of natural disasters on individual preferences and decisions. Three common empirical results emerge: First, the CTB experiment offers reasonable levels of time discounting, moderate curvature and quasihyperbolic discounting in the whole sample. Second, we find that being hit by the flood or the tsunami makes an individual significantly more present-biased than those who are unaffected by the disaster. Finally, present-biasness or hyperbolic discounting is correlated with harmful behaviors: gambling and drinking in the Philippines and deteriorated health behavior among the elders in Iwanuma City. These findings provide important policy implications in helping disaster victims. Commitment devices seem to be indispensable to mitigate the negative consequences of reinforced present biasness.

 

日時

April 24, 2017 (Monday) 16:50-18:35

主催: GraSPP Public Policy Research Seminar

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)1階 第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room 1 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

報告

Yvonne Jie Chen (National University of Singapore)

Early life exposure to tap water and the development of cognitive skils (Joint with Li Li and Yun Xiao) [paper]

Abstract

To improve drinking water accessibility and safety in rural China, the Chinese government launched the rural drinking water program in the 1980s. As part of the program, tap water infrastructure has been constructed in rural areas to supply tap water to rural residents. This policy intervention provides a unique opportunity to examine the impact of early life exposure to tap water on children’s cognitive achievement in later life. Using data extracted from the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS), we find that one additional year of exposure to tap water in early life increases average cognitive test score by 0.109 standard deviations for a sample of rural children aged 10-15 in 2010. The effect is larger for children whose fathers are less-educated. Event study estimates confirm that the beneficial impacts are concentrated in early life with limited additional impact after the time window.