Tokyo Workshop on International and Development Economics (TWID) 2019

 

 

※ 10月9日現在

※ 特に表記のない限りセミナー発表は英語で行われます(Unless otherwise mentioned, presentations are in ENGLISH)。

※ Workshop background

<今後の予定>

日時

 

October 10, 2019 (木 Thursday) 16:50-18:35

※共催: マクロ経済学ワークショップ

 

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)2階 小島コンファレンスルーム
in Kojima Conference Room on the 2nd floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]  ※会場が変更されましたのでお気を付けください。

報告

Raphaël Frank (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Epidemics and the Emergence of Labor Saving Technologies (joint with Oded Galor)



Abstract

 



 

日時

October 15, 2019 (Tuesday) 10:25-12:10 ※日時に注意

※主催:ミクロ経済学ワークショップ

※共催:ミクロ実証分析ワークショップ

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)1階 第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room 1 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

報告
Alistair Munro (National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS))
Married by the Rev. Bayes? An experiment testing joint reasoning within married couples. [paper]
Abstract

Although there are many views on how married couples process information, no attempt has been made to examine this process experimentally or to compare it to how individuals and pairs of unrelated individuals behave in similar circumstances. In this lab-in- eld experiment, held in eastern Uganda, participants get rewards for correctly choosing the identity of an unknown bag after learning some information about its contents. In some sections, some individuals work alone while other pairs share the information and make a joint decision. In some sections, individual partners see di erent information sets and the only communication allowed between partners is a recommendation. I nd that faced with the basic task, married pairs perform consistently better than individuals. However, married couples are signi cantly outperformed by the teams consisting of unrelated partners. When players are separated from their partners, and can only communicate in a restricted way, performance falls below that of individuals. Married couples are not better at these tasks than unmarried pairs, but they are no worse. Wives are more likely to defer to their husbands than vice versa and are less sensitive to context in their deference. More generally, subjects place less weight than they should on their partner's information and more weight on their own observations. Taken at face value the results suggest that there is no obvious information-processing gain from making decisions with spouses.

 

日時

October 21, 2019 (Monday) 10:30-12:00 ※日時に注意

※主催:ミクロ経済学ワークショップ

※共催:ミクロ実証分析ワークショップ

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)1階 第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room 1 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

報告
山内 太 (Futoshi Yamauchi) (International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI))
Asymmetric Information on Non-cognitive Skills in the Indian Labor Market: An Experiment using an Online Job Portal
Abstract

This paper examines the impact of non-cognitive (socio-emotional) skills on job market outcomes using a randomized control trial implemented in an online job portal in India. Job seekers who registered in the portal were asked to take a Big Five personality test and, for a random sub-sample of the test takers, the results were displayed to potential employers. Outcomes are measured by whether a potential employer unlocks a seeker by opening his/her application and background information. The results show that the treatment group for whom test results were shown generally enjoyed a higher probability of unlock. That is, employers are more interested in those for whom they can see personality test results. Such a relationship was not detected in the pre-test period. The effect was more significant among female, more educated and/or more experienced applicants. We also found a significant impact among cooperative, organized, realistic, calm, and/or outgoing applicants, which seems to indicate employers’ preferences.

 

 


<終了分>

日時

TWID/JADE Workshop on Education and Skills

May 23, 2019 (Thursday) 15:00-17:30

共催:ミクロ実証分析ワークショップ

場所

 

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)1階 第2セミナー室
in Seminar Room 2 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

※日時・場所に注意

 

Registration

 

 

To attend, register at here:
https://forms.gle/sY3b3ZBch3E5ZoYD6

 

報告

 

15:00 - 15:40 Yukichi Mano (Hitotsubashi University)
“Life skill development through child and parental interventions: randomized experiment in the Philippines"(joint with Yasuyuki Sawada, Makiko Nakamuro, Takaaki Okumura, and Drew Griffen)


15:40 - 16.20 Aya Suzuki (The University of Tokyo)
"Cognitive and Non-cognitive Skills and Productivity: Analysis of the Production Worker Data from the Cut Flower Farms in Ethiopia" (joint with Yukichi Mano and Girum Abebe)


16:20 - 16:30 Break


16:30 - 17:30 Paul Glewwe (University of Minnesota)
“What Explains Vietnam’s Exceptional Performance in Education Relative to Other Countries? Analysis of the Young Lives Data from Ethiopia, Peru, India and Vietnam."

Vietnam’s strong performance on the 2012 and 2015 PISA assessments has led to interest in what explains the strong academic performance of Vietnamese students. Analysis of the PISA data has not shed much light on this issue. This paper analyses a much richer data set, the Young Lives data for Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), Peru and Vietnam, to investigate the reasons for the strong academic performance of 15-year-olds in Vietnam. The (preliminary) analysis thus far indicates that the Young Lives data can “explain” about two thirds of the gap between Vietnamese and Ethiopian 15-year-olds, about half of the gap between Vietnamese and Indian 15-year-olds, and about 40% of the gap between Vietnamese and Peruvian 15-year-olds.

 

日時

May 29, 2019 (水 Wednesday) 10:25-12:10

共催:ミクロ経済学ワークショップマクロ経済学ワークショップ

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)2階 小島コンファレンスルーム
in Kojima Conference Room on the 2nd floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

※日時・場所に注意

報告

 

松山公紀 (Kiminori Matsuyama) (Northwestern University)
"Reconsidering the Market Size Effect in Innovation and Growth"

Abstract

 

In the standard R&D-based endogenous growth model, a larger country innovates more and grows faster. Because of the homotheticity of preferences, however, it does not matter whether the large market size is due to a large population size or a high per-capita expenditure. In this paper, we develop a balanced growth model of innovation with nonhomothetic preferences, containing the standard model as a limit case. We show, among others, that, holding the aggregate market size fixed, a country with higher per capita expenditure and a smaller population size innovates more and grows faster under the empirically relevant cases.

 

日時

 

June 26, 2019 (水 Wednesday) 16:50-18:35

※共催: ミクロ経済学ワークショップマクロ経済学ワークショップ

 

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)1階 第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room 1 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

報告

 

Samuel Kortum (Yale University)
"Firm-to-Firm Trade: Imports, Exports, and the Labor Market” (joint with Jonathan Eaton and Francis Kramarz)

Abstract

 



日時

 

July 29, 2019 (月 Monday) 10:30-12:00

※主催: ミクロ実証分析ワークショップ

 

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)1階 第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room 1 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

報告

 

Yoshito Takasaki (The University of Tokyo)
"Disability, vocational training, and psychological externalities: Experimental evidence from Cambodia"[paper]



Abstract

 

This paper reports a randomized control trial on vocational training for persons with disabilities (PWDs). The program seeks to promote skilled work in mechanics and service for persons with limb amputation or paralysis in heavily mined areas of rural Cambodia. The program is small scale but intensive, involving long stay at the training center, up to one year. Eligible PWDs were randomly recruited and only recruited PWDs could participate in the program, if they wished (one-sided noncompliance). I examine economic, psychological, and social impacts of the training. On one hand, the training greatly increased employment (salary employment, not family enterprise) and earnings. Moreover, this led to employment among nondisabled household members (i.e., positive economic intrahousehold spillover). On the other hand, the training rather increased people’s discrimination against disabilities, which led to an increase in PWDs’ stigma of disability (i.e., negative psychological intergroup spillover). This unintended consequence was not caused by PWDs’ economic inclusion (e.g., envy), but by their negative interactions with nondisabled people who were not familiarity with disabilities in the community. I address potential threats to identification of these psychological externalities: perception bias in discrimination experienced by PWDs and psychological intragroup spillover among PWDs.

日時

October 8, 2019 (Tuesday) 10:25-12:10 ※日時に注意

※主催:ミクロ経済学ワークショップ

※共催:ミクロ実証分析ワークショップ

場所

東京大学大学院経済学研究科 学術交流棟 (小島ホール)1階 第1セミナー室
in Seminar Room 1 on the 1st floor of the Economics Research Annex (Kojima Hall) [Map]

報告
内藤久裕 (Hisahiro Naito) (University of Tsukuba)
Birth Month Education Puzzle and A Selection Hypothesis
Abstract